Hard Copy Handout: Click this link to get a hard copy printout to study.


For detailed explanations of each of the elements of art in video form, click on the respective link/s below.

Elements of art: Sensory components used to create works of art: line, shape/form, space, color, value, & texture.


Line: A point moving in space. Line can vary in width, length, curvature, color, or direction.


Shape: A two-dimensional area or plane that may be open or closed, free-form or geometric. It can be found in nature or is made by humans.


Form: A three-dimensional volume or the illusion of three dimensions (related to shape, which is two-dimensional); the particular characteristics of the visual elements of a work of art (as distinguished from its subject matter or content).

Space: The emptiness or area between, surrounding, or contained within objects. Shapes and forms are defined by the space around and within them, just as spaces are defined by the shapes and forms around and within them.


Color: The visual sensation dependent on the reflection or absorption of light from a given surface. The three characteristics of color are hue, value, and intensity.


Value: Lightness or darkness of a hue or neutral color. A value scale shows the range of values from black to white.


Texture: The surface quality of materials, either actual (tactile) or implied (visual)